Acts 2:42 is a summary statement of the first few weeks of the aftermath of Pentecost. "And they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers" (KJV). I now move on to the third item, the breaking of bread.
The translation of the term in KJV is correct. One paraphrase version, however, attempts to be helpful by translating it as "sharing in the Lord's Supper" (NLT), but the phrase is not limited to that. The Amplified Bible translates it, "to the breaking of bread [including the Lord's Supper]..." which is closer to the truth. It refers to both a common meal and the Lord's Supper, or Holy Communion or the Eucharist, depending on which tradition you come from. Often it depends on the context as to which meal is in sight, and in many commentaries we read that it may have been normal to have a common meal first with fellow believers and then observe the Lord's Supper.
In many ways this third aspect of "continuing steadfastly" follows on from fellowship, as eating a meal together is a deeper expression of fellowship. In Eastern countries you had an obligation to be kind to strangers and to give them a meal before sending them on the rest of their journey. However, the master of the house would never sit down and eat with a stranger, though he would with his relatives and friends. Read More